THE EXPERIMENT OF THE TWO ELECTRICALLY CHARGED SPHERES
Let us assume that there is an inertial frame of reference S (e.g. a railcar) moving at a constant velocity V relative to the Earth (Fig. 1).
Fixedly suspended from the railcar¢s ceiling is a vertical rod L.
Two strings Ao and Bo of equal length, made from an insulation material, are tied to the end K of rod L.
Two metallic spheres A and B of equal mass are tied to the end of each string Ao and Bo.
Then, these metallic spheres are charged with the same electric charge e.g. +Q.
Finally, an observer (Ï) sits in railcar S, while outside of the railcar, on the surface of the Earth, is another observer (O¢) at rest.
Having secured all the above, we perform the experiment of the two electrically charged spheres as follows:
PHASE É: Let us assume that the railcar S is at rest (V = 0) relative to the Earth, i.e. relative to the observer (O¢). In this case, the two spheres Á and Â, given that they carry the same electric charge +Q,
will repel each other with equal and opposite electric forces FH, (forces described by Coulomb¢s law).
Also, due to the weight W, the two spheres Á and Â will balance in a position where an angle öï is formed between the two strings Ao and Bo.
PHASE ÉÉ: The railcar S moves at a constant velocity V relative to the Earth.
Apparently, the straight line along which the railcar S moves is perpendicular to the plane defined by the strings, Ao and Bo.
As it is well known, in this case, the two electrically charged spheres A and B, since they are moving relative to the observer (O¢) at a velocity V, create two electric currents with equal momentum around their straight lines of movement. Around these two electric currents, two magnetic fields
of equal intensity B are formed, and as a result, the two spheres A and B attract one another with equal and opposite magnetic forces FM. Consequently, the two electrically charged spheres Á and Â will balance in a different position in which a different angle ö is formed between the two strings Ao and Bo, that is:
ö < öï (1)
Everything described in Phase II relates to the observer (O‘) who is at rest on the surface of the Earth outside of the railcar S.
Moreover, relation (1), i.e. ö < öï, is supported both by Classical Physics and the Special Theory of Relativity as regards the observer (O¢) being at rest on the surface of the Earth.
However, the fundamental and critical question that is raised is the following:
QUESTION: Will the observer (Ï) who is inside the railcar S in Phase II of the experiment observe an angle ö < öï as regards strings Ao and Bo?
The answer to the above question is the following:
1) If the observer (Ï), whï is inside the railcar S in Phase II does not notice any change in the angle öï, (i.e. ö = öï in
both phases I and II), then Classical Physics and the Theory of Relativity are TRUE.
2) Conversely, if the observer (Ï), who is inside railcar S in Phase II, observes a change in the angle öï and specifically ö < öï as per relation (1), then apparently Classical Physics and the Theory of Relativity are utterly FALSE.
What will then happen in Phase II of the experiment as regards the observer (Ï)?
Which of the two cases shall occur? Case (1) or case (2)?
At this point, the following should be stressed:
If case (2) occurs during Phase II of the experiment, then this occurrence cannot be interpreted either by Classical Physics or the Theory of Relativity. It can be easily interpreted, however, by the Electrogravitational Theory provided that the existence of the Ether and the
“Law of magnetic field creation” (See Experiment 9 on www.tsolkas.gr) are accepted.
I encourage you to carry out the “experiment of the two electrically charged spheres” in order to establish the accuracy or non accuracy of Classical Physics and of the Theory of Relativity.
After everything explained above, the following basic conclusion can be drawn:
experiment of the two electrically charged spheres described above is of major importance to Physics. Its performance will allow us to determine once and for all whether Classical Physics and the Theory of Relativity rest on solid foundations.
From my point of view, the experiment of the two electrically charged spheres is even more important than the Michelson – Morley experiment. This is obvious. For this reason, the
experiment of the two electrically charged spheres must be performed e.g. on a train, airplane, missile, satellite, spaceship, in order to discover whether Physics is on the right path today.