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Ether and
Magnetic field

Galileo and
Einstein
are wrong

Equivalence
Principle

Ether and
Equivalence
Principle

Proof  for
the advance
of Mercury's
perihelion


Open
Letter

 

The
Electro
gravitational
Theory I

The
Electro
gravitational
Theory II

The
Electro
gravitational
Theory III

The
Electro
gravitational
Theory IV

The
Electro
gravitational
Theory V

Generalised
Geometry

Mathematics
of degree

Video 01

Video 02


Ether
and
Light

 


Experiment 21
Experimental
Verification

 


Experiment 22
Experimental
Verification

 


The mistakes
of Einstein

 


Spherical
Shell
Problem
 

Recapitu-
lation


TECHNOLOGY
Fusion:
The “ZEUS”
machine

 


CERN/OPERA
IKARUS
TSOLKAS

 

THE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR EXPERIMENT

The “electrical conductor experiment”, analyzed below, is basically the – b experiment (Experiment 15) carried out in a laboratory context, with a continuous flow of electrical charges (electrons).
The “electrical conductor experiment” is very simple and can be performed any Physics laboratory even high school laboratories!!!
This experiment proves in a very simple way that the Theory of Relativity is utterly false.

PERFORMING THE EXPERIMENT

Let us assume (Fig. 1) that there is a horizontal copper conductor C of length L (e.g. L = 2m) and cross-section D = 1 mm2, i.e. D = 0,01 cm2.
The two ends F and G of this copper conductor C rest on two props of height h on the surface of the Earth (or on top of a laboratory table). These two props are made of an insulation material (e.g. glass).
We let a small plate S (e.g. a glass or wooden plate) hang from the copper conductor C by means of two equally long insulating strings A0 and B0.
Affixed to the other end of the above strings are two small wheels a and b rolling on the copper conductor C. We steadily place a magnetic needle M on plate S. In this way, the small plate S can run along, at a distance r, parallel to the copper conductor C.  On plate S we define a reference frame o.xyz. The reference frame o.xyz is considered to be an inertial frame of reference. In this experiment the Earth, too, is regarded as an inertial reference frame. Now, we connect the copper conductors two ends F and G to a direct current source E.
Also, this electric circuit is equipped with a switch . When switch is turned off, the electric circuit is flown through by an electric current of intensity i.
Conversely, when switch is turned on, no electric current flows through the electric circuit (i = 0).
We now carry out the “electrical conductor experiment” in two phases, as follows:

Fig. 1

PHASE : As it is well-known, the electric current is the result of the movement of free electrons e- in a metallic conductor. We now turn switch on, so that no electric current flows through the electric circuit (i = 0) and ensure that plate S remains at rest (V=0) relative to the copper conductor C.
In this case, the free electrons moving inside conductor C are immobile relative to plate S, (i.e. relative to the inertial reference frame o.xyz).
Furthermore, due to the fact that the conductor is not flown through by any electric current (i = 0), no magnetic field will be created around copper conductor C. Consequently, the magnetic needle M which has been placed on plate S (i.e. on the inertial reference frame o.xyz) will remain at all times at rest and in the same position Mo relative to the inertial reference frame o.xyz.
PHASE : We now turn switch off so as to allow an electric current of intensity i (e.g. i = 100 A) flow through the electric circuit. In this case, the free electrons e- in copper conductor C will move at a constant velocity V relative to the Earth. As it is well known, this velocity V at which the free electrons e- move inside the copper conductor is expressed by the following formula:

If, in our experiment, the electric currents intensity is e.g. i = 100 Ampere, the copper conductors cross-section is D = 0,01 cm2, and since the electrons electric charge is e=1,6.10-19 Cb and in the case of copper n=0,84.1023 electrons/cm3, then by substituting these values into formula (1), we obtain:

Consequently, in phase II of this experiment and according to relation (2), the free electrons e- in the copper conductor C will move at a velocity V = 7,4 mm/sec relative to the Earth.
However, due to the fact that the copper conductor C is flown through by an electric current of intensity i = 100 Ampere, a tube-like magnetic field will be generated around the conductor, whose intensity (in the middle of conductor L) and at a distance r (e.g. r = 1 cm), will be, according to the Biot-Savart law:

where,

If in relation (3) i = 100 Ampere, r = 1 cm and  =100cm , then:

Then, we cause plate S (i.e. the inertial reference frame o.xyz) to move from the middle of conductor L at a velocity V=V=7,4mm/sec, relative to the direction in which the free electrons e- move in the copper conductor C.
As it can be observed, in phase II of this experiment, the free electrons e- in copper conductor C are once more immobile relative to the plate S (i.e. relative to the inertial reference frame o.xyz). However, in phase , the intensity of the magnetic field that is created around the copper conductor C shall cause the magnetic needle to deflect from its position Mo (Phase I) to another position Mo.
In other words, in each phase of this experiment, the position of the magnetic needle is different –position Mo in Phase (where there is absence of a magnetic field, i.e. = 0)) and position Mo in Phase (where a magnetic field is present, i.e. Gauss).
Yet, in both phases and , the free electrons e- of the copper conductor C are immobile relative to the plate S (i.e., relative to the inertial reference frame o.xyz).

THE PARADOX

As it is well known, Classical Physics and the Theory of Relativity acknowledge that: “Electrical charges which are at rest relative to an inertial frame of reference o.xyz do not generate any magnetic field relative to an observer () found in this reference frame o.xyz”.
In this case, however, the following fundamental and very simple question is raised:
QUESTION: Given that in both Phases I and II of “the electrical conductor experiment” the free electrons in the copper conductor C are immobile relative to the reference frame o.xyz, how can we explain the absence of a magnetic field (B0) , in Phase I and paradoxically the occurrence of a magnetic field in Phase II relative to the observer () in the inertial reference frame o.xyz?  
Doesnt this fully contradict Classical Physics and the Theory of Relativity? Can the above simple, yet, fundamental question be answered by Classical Physics and the Theory of Relativity? In all certainty, it cannot be addressed by either of the two. However, the right answer to this question can be provided ONLY by the Electrogravitational Theory if we accept the existence of the Ether and the “Law of Magnetic field Creation” (See experiment 9 on www.tsolkas.gr).
Therefore, the performance of the “electrical conductor experiment” and the above paradox prove in an uncomplicated manner the falsehood of the Theory of Relativity. There is no doubt that the “electrical conductor experiment” signals the definite end of the Theory of Relativity 103 years after its introduction, that is, after 103 years of scientific fallacy!

COMMENT 

Today, physicists are highly confused and fail to see the simplicity of things.
The mistake most of these scientists make is that they still believe that Einstein was right!!
This is a huge fallacy on the part of Physicists for the following reasons:
There is no need for complicated, high-cost experiments (such as the Gravity Probe b experiment) in order to demonstrate that Einstein was wrong.
We propose 17 simple experiments on www.tsolkas.gr and in particular the “electrical conductor experiment” (Experiment No 16) elaborated above.
As mentioned earlier, this experiment can be carried out even by high school students and thus prove that Einstein is wrong.
That is all we had to say about the Special Theory of Relativity.
As far as the General Theory of Relativity is concerned, there is absolutely no need to perform any experiment (in the laboratory, in space, etc) in order to prove that Einstein erred.
The only thing one has to do is to carefully study the “notional” experiment 14 proposed on www.tsolkas.gr and they will instantly discover that the General Theory of Relativity, too, is an utterly false theory of Physics.
In concluding, allow me to reiterate my firm view:

“The entire science of physics, from Galileo to this day, hardly reflects the physical reality. It should be revised and rebuilt on solid ground in accordance with the postulates and philosophy of the Electrogravitational Theory”.  

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